Explore Hue’s 5 heritages recognized by UNESCO
It can only be Hue, the land known as the land of heritage, the best place to preserve and preserve Vietnamese traditional culture and rituals. Hue is a destination not to be missed for anyone who wants to discover the origin of the nation.
After nearly 400 years of existence (1558-1945), the Nguyen Dynasty left Vietnamese people with huge and extremely diverse cultural and historical heritages.
Hue is the capital of the dynasty that has inherited a lot from these priceless heritage. So far, Hue has 5 legacies belonging to 3 different types honored by UNESCO. Let’s join us to find out about these 5 heritage!
The Complex of Hue Monuments.
Populations of Hue Imperial Citadel or Hue Monuments Complex are historical-cultural relics of the Nguyen Dynasty. The population was built in the period from the beginning of the 19th century to the first half of the 20th century. The construction area belongs to the ancient capital of Hue. Today this place belongs to Hue city and some surrounding areas of Thua Thien – Hue province. This complex has been recognized as a World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO on December 11, 1993.
Hue ancient imperial complex is a royal court architectures. Populations include citadel, palace, mausoleum, temple, temple, town, garden, etc. All areas reflect comprehensively the appearance of an eastern capital during a brilliant development period. Best. Despite the devastation of war, natural disasters and the erosion of time, this architectural complex is still quite intact and is being preserved and preserved.
Ritual Music – Hue royal music.
Ritual Musicc- Vietnamese court music is a unique cultural heritage that Hue still retains.
In the late 90s, this heritage was in a state of danger due to an increasing number of artists. Especially because of lack of acting environment. After many efforts of conservationists and musicians who have been encouraged to recover. Ritual Music was officially recognized by UNESCO as an Oral and Intangible Heritage Master of Humanity on November 7, 2003.
The characteristic of Hue Ritual Music is the coverage for all other music disciplines. Types of music ceremonies used in large and small ceremonies of the court, in temples, chamber music, theater, including dances, each of which has the best artists specializing in creation and expression to act.
Regulations on orchestral scale, performance and content of Nha Nhac are very tight. Ritual Music reflects reflections and undergoes very high aesthetic institutions. Besides, Ritual Music has the ability to reflect the ideology and philosophical conception of the contemporary monarchy. The concerts of music often mobilize a lot of dance and rich actors with rich and delicate decorations.
Song music has become an essential part of the Vietnamese court ritual. Ritual Music’s role is not only limited to ceremonial concerts. The music also shows that it is a means of communication and shows respect for the feudal gods and kings. Ritual Music contributes to conveying Vietnamese philosophical and intellectual thoughts.
Nguyen Dynasty woodblocks.
Nguyen Dynasty woodblocks are Vietnam’s first world heritage document, recognized by UNESCO on July 31, 2009, consisting of 34,618 plates, which are Chinese and Nom Chinese and Vietnamese characters printed on the wood to print books Vietnam in the 19th and early 20th centuries.
Under the Nguyen Dynasty, due to the need to widely disseminate social norms, the laws that required people to follow. In order to impart the name of the kings’ career, historical events …, the court has carved many history books and literary works to grant to places. That process produced a special kind of document, that is woodblocks.
All the contents of the manuscripts carved on the woodblocks were directly displayed by the emperor, approved by autographs before being handed over to the most talented talents in the royal court carved into precious woods. Due to the extremely important nature of the woodblocks, under the Minh Mang reign, the king once pointed out: “The North is wrong to check the printed boards at the Temple of Literature (Hanoi) on the books of the Five Books, Four Books Dai Toan, Vu Kinh Truc Giai and the Precious Post-Legion and Tu Truong Van The sent to the Kinh to stay at Quoc Tu Giam (Hue Capital). ”
Wood used to make woodblocks of Nguyen Dynasty woodblocks is also very special. It is made of wood, pear wood, apple wood or wood-based wood, both soft and smooth, white wood grain, shining like ivory. Woodblock prints are very skillful, sophisticated and sharp. These are original, unique, valuable documents for the study of modern Vietnamese history and culture in modern times.
Nguyen Dynasty’s Royal Documents.
Nguyen Dynasty’s Royal Documents are administrative documents formed in the state management of the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945) issued by the emperor. This is a rare and precious archive, the content reflects relatively fully and comprehensively about political, economic, military and social activities under the Nguyen Dynasty. In May 2014, Nguyen Dynasty’s Royal Documents was recognized by UNESCO as a documentary heritage of the Asia-Pacific World Memory Program.
Royal documents of the Nguyen Dynasty is currently preserved and kept at the National Archives Center I (State Department of Archives and Archives). These original documents are made up of 11 of the 13 Nguyen kings, in which 10 emperors approved the texts. Nguyen Dynasty’s Royal Documents reflects all aspects of the social life of the Nguyen dynasty, in which the issue of Vietnam’s maritime and sovereignty is also clearly reflected in this edition.
Types of documents on Nguyen Dynasty’s Royal Documents include examples, slides, only, body, statement, tablature, translation of diplomatic texts and other forms of dispatch.
Literary Poetry on Hue Royal Architecture (2016- documentary heritage).
On May 19, 2016, the World Cultural Heritage Committee honored the poem on Hue imperial architecture as a world heritage documentary in the Asia-Pacific region, which has affirmed its multifaceted value, worthy It is worth honoring and sustainably preserving this heritage in Vietnam and around the world.
It can be said that the capital of Hue during the Nguyen Dynasty was the integration and development to the pinnacle of traditional Vietnamese architectural art with a massive system of architectural works, including citadel, palace, mausoleum, piano temples and pagodas … Architectural works from Ngo Mon, Thai Hoa, Can Chanh, Trieu Mieu, Hung To Mieu, The To Mieu, Thien Mu … all use poetry to decorate on the three , quizzes, frills in both interior and exterior works.
Most of the architectural works were built during the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945), with the poetry that was decorated “the most illustrated” and “the most self-illustrated” formed at the same time as the construction of the project. This poem expresses a rich diversity of content to form. A box of poetry comes with a plaque of traditional Vietnamese themes such as bowls, flowers, fruits, dragons, cranes, dragon heads, leaf cords …
Over a long time, the destruction of war, natural and human disasters, Hue Ancient Capital also preserved a huge amount of poetry on these architectural monuments. According to the current statistics, there are a total of 2679 poetry boxes on the architectural vestiges of the imperial palace and so on, the carvings are carved, painted, and nacre on wood, on the lam and on the porch. This is really a lively museum about the literature of the Nguyen Dynasty.